SurPRISE – Surveillance, Privacy and Security: A large-scale participatory assessment of criteria and factors determining acceptability and acceptance of security technologies in Europe
SurPRISE aims to re-examine the relationship between security and privacy, which is commonly positioned as a ‘trade-off’. This project will consult with citizens from several EU member and associated states on the question of the security-privacy trade-off as they evaluate different security solutions. Through extensive preparatory work, the project will identify and empirically examine the influence of a broad range of issues upon their evaluations. Using citizen consultation meetings, questionnaires and innovative visual methods, a representative, fine-grained picture from across Europe will be provided. Further, citizens’ understanding of privacy protection laws, their enforcement, and the acceptance levels of surveillance-oriented security solutions (SOSSs), will be explained. Finally, a set of context-dependent dimensions for decision support concerning the acceptability of new SOSSs that promote civil rights protection will be produced. EUI SurPRISE Project Team
RESPECT– Rules, Expectations & Security through Privacy-Enhanced Convenient Technologies
Respect will review the effectiveness, social and economic costs and legal basis of surveillance systems and procedures that are used in Europe for the prevention (or reduction) of crime. It will explore European citizen’s awareness/acceptance of surveillance systems and procedures based on attitudes to efficiency, economic and social costs, and identify the possible effect of cultural influences on citizens’ acceptance of surveillance systems and procedures.
IRISS– Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies
IRISS will reconstruct the spread of surveillance systems and technologies in public and private sectors from the perspective of their impact on the fabric of a democratic society. The project will focus on the observable effects and everyday understanding of surveillance in contemporary Europe, analysing differences within and between individual societies and matching the observable effects against the situation in other parts of the world.
PRISMS– The PRIvacy and Security MirrorS: Towards a European framework for integrated decision making
The PRISMS project will analyse the traditional trade-off model between privacy and security and devise a more evidence-based perspective for reconciling privacy and security, trust and concern. It will examine how technologies aimed at enhancing security are subjecting citizens to an increasing amount of surveillance and, in many cases, causing infringements of privacy and fundamental rights. It will conduct both a multidisciplinary inquiry into the concepts of privacy and security and their relationships and a EU-wide survey to determine whether people evaluate the introduction of security technologies in terms of a trade-off. As a result, the project will determine the factors that affect public assessment of the security and privacy implications of a given security technology. The project will use these results to devise a decision support system providing users (those who deploy and operate security systems) insight into the pros and cons, constraints and limits of specific security investments compared to alternatives taking into account a wider society context.
INDECT – Intelligent information system supporting observation, searching and detection for security of citizens in urban environment
INDECT’s main aim is the elaboration of a concept, method and technology for intelligent monitoring of objects and urban areas for the purpose of automatic detection of threats related to crime, terrorism and violent acts. This includes, amongst other things, the development of a prototype of an integrated, network-centric system supporting the operational activities of police officers, providing techniques and tools for observation of various mobile objects, and the development of a new type of search engine that combines direct search of images and video based on watermarked contents and the storage of metadata in the form of digital watermarks.
SUBITO – Surveillance of unattended baggage and the identification and tracking of the owner
SUBITO will research and develop automated detection of abandoned luggage, fast identification of the individual responsible and the tracking of their subsequent path. It will deliver a demonstration of semi-automated data processing designed to provide real-time detection of goods that have been abandoned. At the same time, the system will identify the individual who left the goods and will utilize the surveillance network to determine the current location of that individual and track their followed path. SUBITO will improve the efficiency of security personnel by automatically filtering out the major false alarms and therefore focusing their attention only on credible threats.
CAPER– Collaborative information, Acquisition, Processing, Exploitation and Reporting for the prevention of organised crime
The goal of the CAPER project is to create a common platform for the prevention of organised crime through sharing, exploitation and analysis of Open, and optionally, Closed information sources. CAPER will sup- port collaborative multilingual analysis of audiovisual content (video, audio, speech and images) and biometrics information, sup- ported by Visual Analytics and Data Mining technologies. The integration of database technologies (ETL), application workflow and Semantic Modelling of processes, legal and privacy limitations, will permit participating LEAs to share information, investigative and experiential knowledge.
HEMOLIA – Hybrid Enhanced Money Laundering Intelligence, Investigation, Incrimination and Alerts
HEMOLIA contributes to disrupting, deterring and dismantling criminal financing networks in the fight against terrorist activities by providing a full picture of money laundering networks. It contributes to reveal money laundering criminal s and their connections to terrorism and organized crime due to the novel use of telecom information and due to the use, exchange and processing of relevant data according to the Anti Money Laundering legal framework. The enhanced approach of HEMOLIA significantly improves the detection of money laundering by encouraging the sharing of information with better use of the existing legal framework, and by ensuring the transparency and harmonization of the procedures between the Law Enforcement Agencies.
BASYLIS – Mobile, autonomous and affordable system to increase security in large unpredictable environments
BAYSILIS is a capability project based on the research, development and adaptation of new sensor technologies and processing software for automatic detection and recognition of threats to critical assets in large unpredictable environment. The general objective of the project is to contribute to increase the security of the European citizens by the development of an adaptable and affordable system for temporal or permanent protection of facilities, perimeters and people using the combination of multiple technologies.
COPRA– Comprehensive European Approach to the Protection of Civil Aviation
COPRA will provide the European Commission and Member States with a comprehensive list of threats to the aviation system trough an all-hazard approach, a catalogue of security technologies, a roadmap of the European requirements on future aviation security research, recommendations for standardization, test and certification issues.
SAMURAI – Suspicious and abnormal behaviour monitoring using a network of cameras & sensors for situation awareness enhancement
The aim of SAMURAI is to develop and integrate a surveillance system for permanently monitoring people and vehicle activities at both inside and surrounding areas of a critical public infrastructure. (e.g. an airport or train station concourse, a football stadium or a shopping mall). SAMURAI will develop robust moving object, segmentation, categorization and tagging in video captured by multiple cameras from medium-long range distance, e.g. identifying, monitoring and tracking people with luggage between different locations at an airport.
The iDetecT4ALL project will develop a novel photonic sensing technology that allows both detection and authentication of objects by a single sensor. This technology will detect the presence of objects (human beings, vehicles, goods), inside or in the surrounding area of restricted critical infrastructures. It will identify authorized objects and will alert if an unauthorized object is found within the protected zone.
TASS – Total Airport Security System
TASS is a multi-segment, multi-level intelligence and surveillance system, aimed at creating an entire airport security monitoring solution providing real-time and accurate situational awareness to airport authorities.
VIRTUOSO – Versatile information toolkit for end-users oriented open sources exploitation
The VIRTUOSO Project aims to provide an integrated open source information exploitation (OSINF) toolbox to European authorities working in border security. This toolbox will extend the “security distance” of Europe’s borders by allowing EU agencies and member states to anticipate, identify and respond to strategic risks and threats in a timely manner. This seamless OSINF platform will aggregate, in real time, content from the Internet, leading subscription providers, and broadcast media. This content will be filtered and analysed using text mining and other decision support technologies to improve situational awareness and provide early warning to end-users.
IMSK – Integrated Mobile Security Kit
The Integrated Mobile Security Kit (IMSK) project will combine technologies for area surveillance, checkpoint control, also CBRNE detection and support for VIP protection into a mobile system for rapid deployment at venues and sites (hotels, sport/ festival arenas, etc) which temporarily need enhanced security.
VIDEOSENSE – Virtual Centre of Excellence for Ethically guided and Privacy respecting Video Analytics in Security
The objectives of VideoSense are to investigate Video Analytics RTDI and ethical issues and update the stakeholders including both citizens and implementers on the latest actionable insights regarding the optimisation of acceptable and effective Video Analytics adoption.
ADDPRIV – Automatic Data relevancy Discrimination for a PRIVacy sensitive video surveillance
The ADDPRIV project proposes novel knowledge and developments to better comply with citizen’s privacy rights through limiting the storage of unnecessary data throughout existing multi-camera networks. It addresses the challenge of determining in a precise and reliable manner private data captured by video surveillance systems that are not relevant from a security perspective. ADDPRIV proposes solutions for automatic discrimination of relevant data recorded on a multi-camera network, related to an individual whose suspicious behaviour triggered an alert. Relevant data not only corresponds to video scenes capturing individuals’ suspicious behaviour (smart video surveillance), but also automatically extracting images on these individuals recorded before and after the suspicious event and across the surveillance network.
SAPIENT – Supporting fundamental rights, Privacy and Ethics in surveillance Technologies
SAPIENT aims to specify how and when smart surveillance should be used (or not) and its characteristics to be effective and scalable to rapidly adapt to changing situations. It will provide stakeholders with a set of criteria for data protection and integrity that can be used to verify that surveillance systems and the sharing of information respect the privacy of citizens. The project will develop and provide a privacy impact assessment methodology, which is tailor- made for surveillance projects and technology developments. In so doing, the use of the methodology will provide means for limiting the collection and storage of unnecessary data. It will focus on the necessity and proportionality of data collection needs, in order to avoid undue threats to data protection and privacy. SAPIENT will pave the way towards an approach of surveillance where the respect of the privacy of the citizen will be central.
SMART – Scalable Measures for Automated Recognition Technologies
The SMART project brings together a range of actors to identify where smart surveillance technologies may or are already finding application in four key areas: border control, counter- terrorism and law-enforcement, consumer sector multi-purpose mobile devices and e-Government. The project carries out risks analysis inherent in the technologies utilised in underlying telecommunications network technology infrastructures as well as cyberspace, and carries out qualitative research on the attitudes of citizens to smart surveillance and privacy.
PERSEUS – Protection of European seas and borders through the intelligent use of surveillance
PERSEUS contributes to Europe’s efforts to monitor illegal migration and combat related crime and goods smuggling by proposing a large scale demonstration of an EU Maritime surveillance System of Systems, on the basis of existing national systems and platforms, enhancing them with innovative capabilities and moving beyond EUROSUR’s 2013 expectations.
TALOS – European Union Border Protection System
TALOS is an innovative, adaptable land border large area surveillance system that is integrated with fast deployable mobile unmanned ground and air vehicles that is able to detect, locate, track and trace individuals, vehicles and hazardous substances.
DETECTER – Detection Technologies, Terrorism, Ethics, and Human Rights
DETECTER was a three-year Collaborative Research Project under the European Union Framework 7 Security Programme that ran from 2008-11. DETECTER identified human rights and other legal and moral standards that detection technologies in counter-terrorism must meet, providing policy recommendations to key stakeholders.
ADVISE – ADVISE Project
ADVISE, a research project co-funded by the FP7-Security Workprogramme of the EC, aims at designing and developing a framework being able to connect and mine into diverse surveillance-footage archive systems, providing an automated and smart surveillance solutions helping law enforcement authorities to fight against crime.